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Are misogynists running Wikipedia?

Late last month, it was reported that Wikipedia’s all-powerful Arbitration Committee banned five users from editing the entry on the ‘Gamergate controversy’, and any other article on ‘gender and sexuality, broadly construed’. The banned users* were feminist, and had been attempting to wrest control of the entry from editors identifying with Gamergate, which has recently consolidated itself as a full-blown, online reactionary movement.

For those of you who don’t know, Gamergaters notoriously claim to be concerned with ‘ethics in games journalism’, but they relentlessly harass prominent feminist critics of the culture and aesthetics of ‘AAA’ gaming, and are obsessed by what they see as a growing feminist influence on the industry. The movement also has considerable overlap with Men’s Rights Activists, Pick-Up Artists, Race Realists and self-described Neoreactionaries of what Jay Allen usefully christened as the Redpill Right.

It’s worth pointing out that no established gamergater accounts were banned in the judgement, and hypertext theorist and Wikipedia commentator Mark Bernstein was so shocked by the one-sidedness of this decision by the predominantly male committee that he wondered whether ‘feminists are to be purged en bloc from the encyclopedia’. It seemed that Wikipedia’s powers-that-be were backing one side in a complex, ongoing culture war.

To some, this might sound like a storm in a teacup, or the merest slice of Internet drama. But let us remember that Wikipedia possesses considerable cultural authority. A YouGov survey in Britain last year found that 64 per cent of respondents thought that the authors of entries told the truth ‘a great deal’ or ‘a fair amount’, making them more trusted than journalists in any outlet, from the BBC to The Sun.

While media bias is a topic that many people all over the political spectrum delight in discussing, the politics of Wikipedia entries is a more marginal concern. Yet, the Pew Center surveys suggest that the online encyclopedia has become integral to the practice of US primary and secondary school teachers, with nine out of ten seeking information from it in the course of their work. In further confirmation of the way that Wikipedia has become bound up with education, Pew found that in general, the more education a person has, the more likely they are to seek information from Wikipedia.

So Wikipedia matters. And since its entries are often treated as settled fact, there is something undoubtedly at stake in the way that particular topics are presented. Nevertheless, most of us have a ‘read-only’ relationship with the project that was once held up as proof of the democratisation of knowledge production.

Only a tiny and shrinking proportion of the audience are active editors on the site, and of those active users, a mere ten per cent perform more than five edits. Moreover, the work of editors is subject to the decisions of an even smaller coterie of administrators, who take their place in a Byzantine hierarchy which can be bewildering to outsiders. For years now, even founder Jimmy Wales has admitted that the site’s work is carried out by a tight-knit group of super-users. The declining base of active users is often attributed to the way in which established users intimidate newcomers, partly as a result of a siege mentality developed over years in which Wikipedia has been vandalised and attacked.

The Arbitration Committee (or ArbCom, to give it its faintly Orwellian abbreviation) that decided the Gamergate dispute is the ‘court of last resort’ for editorial conflicts. That such an organ of decision exists shows the limits of the ethos of collaboration that is supposed to underpin Wikipedia. It also shows the limits of the site’s vaunted ‘openness’, recently subjected to an outstanding book-length consideration by Nathaniel Tkacz.

This internal hierarchy has evolved to mediate the frequent, persistent and otherwise unresolvable conflicts that roil vast areas of the site. When Wikipedia was young, it was assumed that disagreements over matters of fact would be solved with the addition of more editors, and errors would collapse under the weight of ‘collective intelligence’. This optimism was underpinned by a creed I call ‘communicative liberalism’.

It was assumed that advances in communications technology would lead to a more connected world, and that this would not only lead us to converge on consensus, but on truth. In the actual everyday life of Wikipedia entries however, erasures, additions and substitutions are the product or the cause of ‘edit wars’, in which ideologically committed Wikipedians battle for control over the way in which knowledge on particular topics is recorded and presented. Rather than moulding consensus values, Wikipedia is just one more place where our existing values come into conflict. While the site’s official aspiration for its entries is a ‘Neutral Point of View’, on the Talk and History pages of entries for Israel, Nikola Tesla, Adolf Hitler, George W Bush, race and intelligence, etc., we witness forms of political antagonism that the goal of neutrality can never wholly repress. Wikipedia’s internal bureaucracy can’t excuse itself from these conflicts, it can only come down on one side or the other.

By now, the wisdom of crowds has given way to the decision of admins.

Just as groups associated with the Gamergate movement earlier bemoaned the demotion of ‘cultural marxism’ from a stand-alone entry to a section entitled ‘cultural marxism conspiracy theory’ in the Frankfurt School entry, they are celebrating the exclusion of an active group of feminist users from an entry that has become an extension of an internet-wide culture war.

The resentments behind gamergate, and the reactionary politics that power it have been simmering online for a long time. Indeed, contrary to much of the civic optimism that has framed the reception of the internet since the beginnings of the World Wide Web, there’s a case to be made that reactionaries got there first. White nationalists created their first Bulletin Board Service in 1984, a year before the storied WELL community came online, and the first major social movement to use networked electronic communications was the US Militia Movement in the mid-1990s.

To go along with the liberal assumption that new technologies lead us only in the direction of collaboration and consensus is not only to deny this history, but the lived experience of those who are pursued by reactionary culture warriors. The left should affirm the persistence and importance of political conflict online, and develop strategies for combatting the right in those places where fact and history are rendered.

 

*Update: the banning of editors has been disputed. See this Slate piece for more detail.

Overland is a not-for-profit magazine with a proud history of supporting writers, and publishing ideas and voices often excluded from other places.

If you like this piece, or support Overland’s work in general, please subscribe or donate.

Jason Wilson is a Guardian Australia columnist. His writing has also appeared in other places, like Soundings, the Atlantic, the Monthly, New Inquiry and various academic journals. He lives in Portland, Oregon. He's on Twitter at @jason_a_w.

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Comments

  1. Wikipedia has started smelling a little too conservative to me in recent years. This story just adds to that perception.

    The thing that really started jacking me off about them was in regards to the controversial biologist Rupert Sheldrake, who dives into edgy waters and comes up with ideas that threaten a scientific materialist view. Instant tedious turn-off for me. Because surely the most important thing in the world for us to be doing is cultivating new ideas and (painfully) finding new ways forward out of the fucked-up paradigm we’re all living in now.

    I must admit I tend to try and avoid Wikipedia now. I don’t trust them (a hard ask for a collaborative process, but if you’re not willing to be open and transparent and messy and chaotic, then you’ve become part of the problem).

    • Wikipedia isn’t conservative- take a look at the global warming article. It’s the liberal orthodoxy.

      I don’t know why they hate women. Nerds?

    • Parts of it have a conservative bent, and parts of it have other slants. Wikipedia is way too big for a group to bend the whole thing to its viewpoint. It worries me that people can only see biases they disagree with.

  2. Well, your very first line is factually wrong, so everything else that follows based upon your flawed premise is erroneous.

    The Arbitration Committee (discipline committee) of English Wikipedia actually banned ONE particularly tendentious editor and made four others stop writing on Gamergate (two from each side) due to demonstrated editing misbehavior. It fully endorsed the massive wave of bans of pro-Gamergate editors from the piece and from the site and left content on the topic firmly in the hands of the same crew who have been controlling the pieces…

    So your remaining point is, what exactly? That you’re not capable of doing proper research? That you’re completely lost in the backstage machinations of Wikipedia? That you really, really want to write a piece bolstering your preconceived notion of what happened, based on an erroneous Guardian report, based on a skewed, inaccurate, hysterical blog? Something like that…

    —Tim Davenport///”Carrite” on Wikipedia

    • Tim, if you are representative of the arbitration committee, then, from your tone, I would infer that the committee doesn’t have sufficient objectivity to be arbitrating anything.

      • And if you, anonymous dersu, are a representative of Chevrolet, I’m buying a Toyota. I never said I had anything to do with ArbCom — but if you actually care about reality instead of intellectually soft hit-pieces, you’ll read what I write again and compare it to the narrative of this post.

  3. Wikipedia bans thousands of non-feminists for opposing their bad editing, no one bats and eyelash. Wikipedia bans a few feminists for the first time for going to far in their crusades to warp articles, and everyone loses their minds!

    • I think you mean thousands of non-feminist accounts and IP addresses. You and I both know those accounts didn’t have stablished editing histories and weren’t contributing anything but hate and misinformation to the encyclopedia.

  4. Editors are volunteers who are human beings with their own points of view and biases. It’s believed that in following policies and guidelines (like assuming good faith of the other editors), we can reach consensus on issues that are in dispute. And Wikipedia, like all human knowledge, evolves over time as our understanding grows and deepens and new editors, with different expertise, come on board.

    It’s unrealistic to expect perfect consensus, objectivity and comprehensiveness when Wikipedia is being created (for free) by flawed human beings. This is a naive point of view, like feigning shock when one finds Christians commit sins because they are prohibited in the Bible.

    See, you have the guiding philosophy, the ideals, that people aim for…and then you have the messiness of reality where conflict exists and people have different allegiances and perspectives. That’s life, that’s humanity, that’s Wikipedia.

  5. At first read, I was confused by the evidence supporting this article … so I re-read. It still isn’t compelling. Then, given the update, you’d have to wonder why Overland still have this up? Misogyny/Feminist click-bait, perhaps? I really think the editorial standards need to be a bit higher than this article. No offence intended to the author, but to paraphrase Keynes, when the facts change …

  6. Something similar happened in the recent Gender Gap arbitration case. Editors who tried to put a stop to sexual harassment at the Gender Gap Task Force were banished from the kingdom, while nothing was done about the men who had disrupted the project. But perhaps there is still hope for Wikipedia. One new arbitrator deplores “continuing the saddening trend of removing women from wikipedia who buck the status quo while patting men on the head who do the same thing.” https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wikipedia:Arbitration/Requests/Clarification_and_Amendment&diff=646301081&oldid=646272106

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